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Canada and the Challenges of International Development and Globalization

Masaeli, MahmoudMunro, Lauchlan T. (Hrsg.) | University of Ottawa Press | Studies in International Development and Globalization


What are

Canada’s various links with international development and globalization? They

extend beyond foreign aid to diplomacy, trade, finance, aid, immigration,

military intervention (both peacekeeping and combat roles), membership in a

variety of international organizations, relations with indigenous peoples, and

people-to-people links.

This

multi-disciplinary and multi-author textbook, designed for first- or

second-year students, introduces the main concepts, theories, and perspectives

that have shaped Canada’s interactions with developing countries in a

globalizing world. 

It starts by considering Canada as a case study in

international development and globalization. It examines Canada’s diplomatic,

economic, military, social, immigration and aid policies, how they have changed

over time and how they have interacted with each other and with Canada’s

treatment of Indigenous peoples. The book presents economic, political, and

cultural dimensions of the process of globalization and the ways they affect

Canada; examines the public institutions, private sector and civil society

organizations in Canada; and explores the moral imperatives behind Canadian

international policy. Finally, it examines current issues, including Canada’s

promotion of human rights, democracy, good governance, support to the private sector,

and relations with fragile and conflict-affected states and the emerging

economies.

Finalist - PROSE Award, Textbook/Social Sciences January 2019

This book is published in English.

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Comment se déploient les interventions du Canada en matière de développement international et de mondialisation ? Bien au-delà de l’aide à l’étranger, celles-ci touchent la diplomatie, le commerce, les finances, l’aide, l’immigration, les interventions militaires, l’adhésion à des organisations internationales et des liens entre personnes. 

Conçu pour les étudiants de première et de deuxième année du premier cycle, ce manuel multidisciplinaire est une initiation aux principaux concepts, idées, théories et approches qui forment le contexte historique et les fondations mêmes des interactions du Canada avec les pays en développement à l’ère de la mondialisation. 

Il aborde la question de la diplomatie canadienne et de son évolution, examine les politiques canadiennes en matière d’immigration, d’aide, de politique, d’économie, militaires et sociales. Il présente les dimensions économiques, politiques et culturelles du processus de mondialisation et les façons dont elles touchent le Canada, les institutions et politiques en lien avec le développement, les organismes du secteur privé et la société civile au Canada et les impératifs moraux qui sous-tendent la politique internationale canadienne. Enfin, il examine les droits humains, la démocratie, la bonne intendance, le soutien au secteur privé, les relations avec des états fragilisés et les liens avec les économies en émergence.

Finaliste - PROSE Award, Textbook/Social Sciences Janvier 2019

Ce livre est publié en anglais.

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Mahmoud Masaeli is Assistant Professor at the International Development and Global Studies,

University of Ottawa, and Lecturer at St-Paul University (Ottawa).

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Lauchlan T. Munro is Associate Professor at the School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa. Before joining the University of Ottawa, he served as Vice-President at Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) (2008 to 2012).

 
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Le ministère des Affaires extérieures du Canada

University of Ottawa Press | Politique et politiques publiques


En 1968, le ministère des Affaires extérieures du Canada est en état de siège. Terminées les décennies de croissance et de succès diplomatiques de l’après-guerre. La technologie et la libéralisation des échanges annoncent une ère de mondialisation. Devant les chocs pétroliers et l’inflation galopante, l’économie est en désarroi. La mondialisation s’invite au programme des affaires internationales en y ajoutant de nouveaux dossiers : droits de la personne, notamment ceux des femmes, énergie, science et technologie, environnement, révolutions et terrorisme à l’échelle mondiale. Le nouveau premier ministre, Pierre Trudeau, adhère à cette mutation.

Ébranlé, le ministère peine d’abord à résister aux fortes pressions intérieures, politiques et économiques. Pendant les années 1970, toutefois, il parvient peu à peu à retrouver sa pertinence. Il se concentre sur une diplomatie d’ordre économique et invente des mécanismes administratifs qui lui permettent de concilier une perspective naturellement ouverte sur le monde avec les préoccupations particulières du gouvernement sur le front intérieur. 

Chemin faisant, les Affaires extérieures contribueront à la formulation de politiques innovantes au regard des principaux enjeux de l’époque, notamment les missions de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies, la décolonisation, le dialogue Nord-Sud, le Moyen-Orient, la crise des otages en Iran et les dangers incessants de la Guerre froide.

Ce livre est publié en français.

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By 1968, Canada’s storied Department of External Affairs was under siege. The postwar decades of steady growth and diplomatic accomplishment were over. Technological change and trade liberalization were ushering in a new era of globalization. The economy slumped and stagnated. Globalization stretched the international agenda, adding novel issues: human rights and woman’s rights; energy, science, and technology; the environment; and global revolution and terrorism. The new Prime Minister, Pierre Trudeau, encouraged the Department of External Affairs to keep up with the times. 

External Affairs initially reeled under the assault, struggling to respond to the enormous political, economic, and domestic pressures of the era. Through the 1970s, however, it steadily reclaimed its relevance. It focused more of its efforts on economic diplomacy and found the administrative mechanisms required to reconcile its traditional global outlook with the government’s domestic preoccupations, finally merging with the Trade Commissioner Service in 1982. 

Along the way, External Affairs helped craft innovative policies to respond to the dominant challenges of the era, including UN peacekeeping, decolonization and the North-South dialogue, the Middle East and the Iran Hostage crisis, and the ever-dangerous Cold War.

This book is published in French.

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John Hilliker s’est joint à la section historique du département des Affaires extérieures, maintenant

Affaires mondiales Canada, en 1975, et a pris sa retraite de Chef de section en 2003.

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Mary Halloran est membre de la section historique d’Affaires mondiales Canada depuis 1990 et y a publié plusieurs articles.

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Un des historiens diplomatiques les plus renommés du Canada. Il est Chef de la section historique d’Affaires mondiales Canada, rédacteur en chef de sa collection, et directeur de six volumes de cette collection traitant des années 1950 à 1957.

 
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Bomb Canada and Other Unkind Remarks in the American Media

Athabasca University Press | Global Peace Studies


Canada and the United States. Two nations, one border, same continent. Anti-American sentiment in Canada is well documented, but what have Americans had to say about their northern neighbour? Allan examines how the American media has portrayed Canada, from Confederation to Obama’s election. By examining major events that have tested bilateral relations, Bomb Canada tracks the history of anti-Canadianism in the U.S. Informative, thought provoking and at times hilarious, this book reveals another layer of the complex relationship between Canada and the United States.

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Chantal Allan is an award-winning journalist who has reported for CBC Radio and NPR (National Public Radio). Her articles have appeared in the Toronto Star, Los Angeles Daily News, and other publications. She received her M.A. in journalism from the University of Southern California and now lives in Los Angeles.

 
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Le Fédéralisme

Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa


Les fédérations abritent quarante pour cent de la population mondiale. Les 28 pays dotés d’un régime politique fédéral se révèlent des plus diversifiés : de la nation la plus nantie du monde – les États-Unis d’Amérique – à de minuscules États insulaires comme la Micronésie et Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis. Six des dix pays les plus populeux et huit des dix pays les plus vastes de la planète sont des fédérations.

Ce livre d’une remarquable concision présente les notions élémentaires de ce système politique dans une langue claire et dépourvue de jargon—sans doute la raison pour laquelle il a été traduit en environ 20 langues. Il s’agit d’un ouvrage incontournable non seulement pour ceux qui étudient les gouvernements et oeuvrent dans le secteur public, mais aussi pour tout citoyen des fédérations du monde.

 
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Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada

Shrivastava, MeenalStefanick, Lorna (Hrsg.) | Athabasca University Press


Prior to May 2015, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta had, for over four decades, been a one-party state. During that time, the rule of the Progressive Conservatives essentially went unchallenged, with critiques of government policy falling on deaf ears and Alberta ranking behind other provinces in voter turnout. Given the province’s economic reliance on oil revenues, a symbiotic relationship also developed between government and the oil industry. Cross-national studies have detected a correlation between oil-dependent economies and authoritarian rule, a pattern particularly evident in Africa and the Middle East. Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada sets out to test the “oil inhibits democracy” hypothesis in the context of an industrialized nation in the Global North.

In probing the impact of Alberta’s powerful oil lobby on the health of democracy in the province, contributors to the volume engage with an ongoing discussion of the erosion of political liberalism in the West. In addition to examining energy policy and issues of government accountability in Alberta, they explore the ramifications of oil dependence in areas such as Aboriginal rights, environmental policy, labour law, women’s equity, urban social policy, and the arts. If, as they argue, reliance on oil has weakened democratic structures in Alberta, then what of Canada as whole, where the short-term priorities of the oil industry continue to shape federal policy? The findings in this book suggest that, to revitalize democracy, provincial and federal leaders alike must find the courage to curb the influence of the oil industry on governance.

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“This book is a clarion warning of an unacceptable shift in the public sphere towards service of particular economic interests and away from democracy and the legitimate role of the government. […] The book also reveals the ceaseless dispute between business and public interests, or considered from another standpoint, between liberty and justice.”

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Meenal Shrivastava is associate professor of political economy and global studies at Athabasca University.

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Lorna Stefanick is a professor at Athabasca University, where she serves as coordinator for the Governance, Law, and Management program.

 
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Rethinking Canadian Aid

Brown, Stephenden Heyer, MollyBlack, David R. (Hrsg.) | University of Ottawa Press | Studies in International Development and Globalization


In 2013, the government abolished the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), which had been Canada’s flagship foreign aid agency for decades, and transferred its functions to the newly renamed Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD). As the government is rethinking Canadian aid and its relationship with other foreign policy and commercial objectives, the time is ripe to rethink Canadian aid more broadly.

Edited by Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer and David R. Black, this revised edition not only analyzes Canada’s past development assistance, it also highlights important new opportunities in the context of the recent change in government. Designed to reach a variety of audiences, contributions by twenty scholars and experts in the field offer an incisive examination of Canada’s record and initiatives in Canadian foreign aid, including its relatively recent emphasis on maternal and child health and on the extractive sector, as well as the longer-term engagement with state fragility. 

The portrait that emerges is a sobering one. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in Canada’s changing role in the world.

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Strongly recommended. (...) well-designed and copyedited, (...) reasonably priced (open access) (...) Great value for money and excellent additions to one’s library.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02255189.2017.1272440

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Rethinking Canadian Aid s’impose non seulement comme une lecture obligatoire pour ceux et celles qui s’intéressent à la transformation du rôle du Canada en matière de développement international, mais également aux débats portant sur les changements propres à l’ère Harper. Considérant aussi le fait que ce livre soit en libre accès sur Internet (www.bit.ly/CdnAidpdf), nous ne pouvons que saluer cette brillante initiative qui en fait un ouvrage véritablement incontournable.

 
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Recovering the Body

University of Ottawa Press


Following the metaphysical and epistemological threads that have led to our modern conception of the body as a machine, the book explores views of the body in the history of philosophy. Its central thesis is that the Cartesian paradigm, which has dominated the modern conception of the body (including the development and practice of medicine), offers an incomplete and even inaccurate picture. This picture has become a reductio ad absurdum, which, through such current trends as the practice of extreme body modification, and futuristic visions of downloading consciousness into machines, could lead to the disappearance of the biological body. Presenting Spinoza’s philosophy of the body as the road not followed, the author asks what Spinoza would think of some of our contemporary body visions. It also looks to two more holistic approaches to the body that offer hope of recovering its true meaning: the practice of yoga and alternative medicine. The metaphysical analysis is accompanied throughout by a tripartite historical and epistemological analysis: the body as an obstacle to knowledge (exemplified by Plato and our modern-day futurists), the body as an object of knowledge (exemplified by Descartes and modern scientific medicine); and the body as a source of knowledge (exemplified by the Stoics, and the philosophy of yoga).

- This book is published in English. 

 
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Controlling Knowledge

Athabasca University Press


Digital communications technology has immeasurably enhanced our capacity to store, retrieve, and exchange information. But who controls our access to information, and who decides what others have a right to know about us? In Controlling Knowledge, author Lorna Stefanick offers a thought-provoking and user-friendly overview of the regulatory regime that currently governs freedom of information and the protection of privacy.Aiming to clarify rather than mystify, Stefanick outlines the history and application of FOIP legislation, with special focus on how these laws affect the individual. To illustrate the impact of FOIP, she examines the notion of informed consent, looks at concerns about surveillance in the digital age, and explores the sometimes insidious influence of Facebook. Specialists in public policy and public administration, information technology, communications, law, criminal justice, sociology, and health care will find much here that bears directly on their work, while students and general readers will welcome the book's down-to-earth language and accessible style.

Intended to serve as a "citizen's guide," Controlling Knowledge is a vital resource for anyone seeking to understand how freedom of information and privacy protection are legally defined and how this legislation is shaping our individual rights as citizens of the information age.

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Lorna Stefanick is an associate professor in the Governance, Law, and Management program in the Centre for State and Legal Studies at Athabasca University.and in Calgary, the first of which resulted in the book Hiding the Audience: Arts and Arts Institutions on the Prairies. Kaye divides her time between a farmstead outside Lincoln, Nebraska, and a house in Calgary, so that she may always be close to the prairie land that drives her research.Face the North Wind (1975). This manuscript came to light after his passing in 1999.

 
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Conspiracy of Hope

Goose Lane Editions


An explosive book that exposes the truth about breast cancer screening.

For decades, women have been told that mammograms save lives. Yet many scientists say that this is in fact not true. Conspiracy of Hope reveals how breast cancer screening was introduced in the US before there was any good evidence it made any difference, and an unfounded belief in early detection caught on quickly in Canada and other developed countries. Today the evidence is starkly clear. Screening does more harm than good. Still women, and their doctors, continue to buy into a myth perpetuated by greed, fear, and wishful thinking.

Conspiracy of Hope illustrates how a vortex of interests came together to make breast screening standard medical practice and why it's so hard to persuade them they are wrong. The radiologists, the imaging machinery manufacturers, and the pink ribbon charities are all part of that story. It is a tale of back-stabbing and intrigue, of exploiting fear and hope, while distorting and misrepresenting the evidence. Or simply ignoring it.

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"If you've ever wondered why mammography screening has been the target of fierce debate for thirty years running,read this book. Renée Pellerin exposes how the early detection mantra has always been a mix of good intentions,magical thinking, and flim-flam. What it is has never been is full-on science. The balance of evidence on screening mammography weighs heavily toward lesser benefit and more harm than anyone ever wanted to believe. Conspiracy of Hope chronicles how belief born from hope and perpetuated by vested interests can be hard to shake,even when confronted with a wealth of research."

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"Everyone who has been touched by breast cancer should read Pellerin's meticulously researched book. Pellerin knows the science better than many of the doctors in whose hands women have placed their trust."

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"Renee Pellerin has written a careful and convincing story of a group of courageous scientists and researchers who challenged the dogma of breast cancer screening and the powerful groups that have overstated its value."

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Renée Pellerin is a former television and radio producer with CBC. For many years, she was a documentary producer for Marketplace, specializing in investigative health stories. She was also a producer at the Fifth Estate, consultant to the CBC Newsworld program Health Matters, executive producer of a documentary unit at CBC Newsworld, and a producer at Morningside and Sunday Morning. Before she left CBC, she was the head of the Health Content Unit for CBC News, leading a team of health journalists in radio, TV, and online.

Pellerin has won several national and international awards for her work, including a Michener Citation of Merit for public service in journalism. She has also taught journalism at the National University of Rwanda in Butare and at Ryerson University in Toronto, and has held the visiting chair in journalism at the University of Regina. She holds degrees from the University of Saskatchewan and University of King’s College in Halifax. She now lives in Niagara-on-the-Lake.

 
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Droits et voix - Rights and Voices

Strimelle, VeroniqueVanhamme, Françoise (Hrsg.) | Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa | Alternative Perspectives in Criminology


Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.

 
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